A Comprehensive Guide on How to Mine Monero Cryptocurrency - Godex Crypto Blog

A Comprehensive Guide on How to Mine Monero Cryptocurrency

How to mine Monero

Monero (XMR) is one of the most famous privacy coins in the cryptocurrency space that you can easily mine on your own at home. Unlike other coins mining Monero is low cost. How to start mining Monero we will discuss below in detail.

What is Monero mining?  

Monero is a private coin where transactions are hidden, unlike the Bitcoin ecosystem where operations are known and anyone can track the flow of BTC from start to finish. Monero ensures the anonymity of its users through technologies such as ring signatures, hidden addresses, and confidential transactions (RingCT). This makes every user on the Monero network anonymous by default, hiding details about a sender, a recipient, and a transaction amount.

Monero mining is a process of creating new transaction blocks and issuing new XMR coins on the network. Monero is powered by a blockchain with a consensus Proof of Work (POW) algorithm. The block generation rate on the Monero network is fixed at 2 minutes. In 2024, the reward for a mined Monero block is 0.65 XMR. On November 30, 2019, the Monero hardfork took place and the developers moved the cryptocurrency to the RandomX mining algorithm, i.e. Monero native invention. RandomX is optimized for computer processors and resistant to ASIC miners.

Why Mine Monero?  

Mining Monero is more economical and cost-effective due to the absence of ASICs. Its mining engine is compatible with a wide range of hardware, including low-cost options such as laptops (CPU) and graphics cards (GPU), making it more accessible to enthusiasts.

Types of Monero Mining  

There are three main ways of mining Monero cryptocurrency, which are cloud mining, mining in pools, and solo mining.

Cloud mining is a branch of cloud technology, which allows you to remotely use computing power to mine cryptocurrencies. Miners simply rent computing and mining equipment that is managed by a cloud mining provider. Profits from mining are distributed according to the hash rate purchased by the miners.

Mining pools are miners who pool their mining equipment to provide power for mining cryptocurrencies. Popular Monero mining pools are:

  • Nanopool – 1% commission;
  • Hashvault – 0.9% commission;
  • SupportXMR – 0.6% commission;
  • 2Miners – 1% commission.

When miners join a mining pool, they contribute their hash rates to mine the coin and split the profits according to their contributions.

Solo mining is the mining of Monero by a single miner. He independently receives tasks from the network to search for a block and uses only his equipment to solve it. In this case, the owner of the mining farm alone receives both the reward for the found block and transaction fees. However, it should be remembered that all payments are possible only after a valid block is found and the network confirms this fact.

Pros and Cons of Each Mining Method  

Cloud mining


  • All cloud mining operations are performed from a remote data center that may be on the other side of the world. 
  • Cloud mining reduces the entry barrier for those who want to mine Monero and other cryptocurrencies. Installing profitable solo miners is quite expensive for the average person. However, the lower costs make mining possible for almost everyone. 
  • Customers don’t need any technical knowledge to do cloud mining.


  • Customers are limited to mining only the coins that the data center provides. 
  • Since holders earn depending on the package they have signed up for, profits are shared and therefore lower.
  • Unscrupulous and malicious people are quite active in scamming unsuspecting people through fake cloud mining platforms.

Mining pool


  • The mining pool model allows pool members to earn depending on their participation in the pool.
  • Miners in a pool can earn more profit than single miners because pooling resources increases the chances of finding blocks faster than mining alone. 
  • While pool miners still need to purchase mining equipment, they won’t have to spend as much as single miners to earn the same or even greater rewards.


  • Mining pools charge a fee for the rewards earned. Third-party mining software may also be purchased, and the costs are shared among pool members.
  • If a pool has too many participants, the hash rate share can grow to more than 50%, which is dangerous for the pool.
  • Since the server is usually centralized, if it is shut down, the mining pool can be destroyed.

Solo mining


  • XMR solo mining allows miners to start, pause, or stop mining at any time of the day without getting permission or notifying anyone. This results in higher uptime compared to mining pools and cloud mining methods.
  • Earned rewards are not shared.
  • Apart from the initial capital and overhead, there are no other fees involved in solo mining.


  • The temperature and noise generated by the mining equipment can be very uncomfortable.
  • Daily maintenance is required.
  • It requires some technical knowledge to operate the mining rigs and troubleshoot problems if they occur.

Monero Mining Requirements  

The advantage of the Monero network over Bitcoin is that this cryptocurrency can be mined at home. You do not need expensive equipment for this. A computer with a good CPU or video card is enough. 

Many miners prefer processors to work on GPUs because this approach gives more computing power, and therefore increases income. Up to 19 graphics cards can be connected to one computer. In the case of CPUs, users will have to limit themselves to one or a couple of processors. 

For Monero mining, the two main components of a computer such as the central processing unit (CPU) and the RAM (RAM) are of key importance.

Hardware Requirements  

When choosing a CPU, you should pay attention to the following parameters:

  • Clock frequency. The higher it is, the faster the CPU processes data. 
  • The number of threads determines how many simultaneous calculations the CPU can perform.
  • Data bus width affects the amount of information the CPU can process per clock.
  • The number of cores that increase performance and expenditure of energy.
  • Power consumption.
  • Hashrate is a measure of mining performance. The higher it is, the greater the chances of finding a block. Approximate values can be calculated using calculators or found in the Monero community.

Software Requirements 

When selecting RAM, the following characteristics shall be taken into account:

  • Frequency – the higher it is, the better the performance of the CPU. 
  • Timings are the speed of data transfer within the memory module. Lower timings provide higher speeds.
  • Memory capacity is a minimum of 8 GB per module. 
  • The number of channels. It is recommended to use at least two modules (Dual Channel) for optimal performance of the latest CPUs.
  • Cooling may be required when running at high frequencies exceeding 3000 MHz.

How to Get Started with Monero Mining  

Before you start mining, you need to weigh how profitable it is. The main risk is that the Monero may depreciate. The cost of equipment and electricity may be higher than the profitability of mining. If you decide to mine Monero, there are a few simple steps to follow.

Step 1: Choose Your Mining Method  

How to mine XMR depends on the user’s goals, and what kind of budget the miner has. You can mine this privacy coin as a solo XMR miner by joining a pool, or via cloud mining services.

Step 2: Set Up the Required Hardware  

You can mine Monero on both processors (CPUs) and graphics processing units (GPUs). Although CPUs have a lower hash rate compared to graphics cards, they consume less electricity. Therefore, beginner miners sometimes bet that they can earn as much on a CPU as on a graphics card. De facto, it is more profitable to mine Monero on a graphics card.

The ideal choice is high-performance processors with a significant amount of cache and fast memory. AMD’s Ryzen and Intel’s i-Series processors are among the most efficient for this purpose.

Installing a modern, high-performance graphics card will bring the Monero hash rate up to the level provided by the CPU. To equip a sufficiently productive farm, 4-8 graphics cards are used. 

Step 3: Install Mining Software  

When it comes to mining software, there are several options. For solo mining, you can use command line interface (CLI) wallets or a graphical user interface (GUI) wallet. If you want to mine in a pool or mine using a graphics processing unit (GPU), you will need special specialized software.

It is important to choose software that is compatible with RandomX and your operating system. 

Step 4: Join a Mining Pool (if applicable)  

Pool mining is a more efficient way than solo mining, as a pool combines the efforts of several miners to solve blocks and distribute the reward. Choose a pool that supports Monero, offers reliable service, provides a user-friendly interface, withdraws coins easily, and gives relatively low commissions (up to 2%).

Maximizing Your Monero Mining  

If you decide to start mining Monero in a big way, carefully calculate how beneficial this activity will be, how much profit you should expect in case of different scenarios, and how quickly your investments will pay off. This is where mining calculators, i.e. special online services that allow miners to estimate the potential profitability of their mining equipment when mining Monero, come to the rescue.

How to Calculate Mining Profits  

The XMR mining profitability calculator takes into consideration many factors such as hash rate (mining power), power consumption, electricity cost, network complexity, and the current price of Monero. With its help, miners can forecast future earnings and make informed decisions regarding XMR mining.

How do I use the XMR profitability calculator?

  • Select your mining equipment.
  • Enter the hash rate (mining capacity). Hashrate is measured in hashes per second (H/s) and represents the speed at which your equipment can solve the math problems of the Monero blockchain.
  • Specify power consumption.
  • Select the cost of electricity. 
  • Estimate the complexity of the network. You can find this information on websites dedicated to Monero.
  • Specify the current price of XMR. This is also an important factor that affects your profitability.
  • Analyze the results. You will be able to see the expected income in fiat currency and XMR.
  • Compare your results with your current equipment and energy costs. This will help you decide whether you should continue mining XMR or change your strategy.

The Monero mining profitability calculator gives you daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly profits, as well as the timeframe (in days) it will take to break even (considering the initial cost of a cloud contract or the cost of your equipment).

Mining Taxes and Reporting

Before you start mining Monero, it is important to be aware of the tax obligations that accompany the rewards of mining. Depending on the jurisdictions, here are some examples:

  • United Kingdom: Income earned from mining and steaking cryptocurrency may be subject to income tax or corporate tax depending on whether the activity is considered personal or commercial.
  • In the United States, the situation is similar: the IRS treats cryptocurrency mining as taxable income based on the value of the coins mined at the time of receipt. Miners are required to keep records of their mining activities and accurately report them to local tax authorities.
  • Germany: income derived from cryptocurrency mining is considered taxable income. Individuals and businesses are required to disclose their cryptocurrency activities when filing tax returns.

Challenges and Considerations  

All cryptocurrencies have their drawbacks, and Monero is no exception. Mining Monero can be a lucrative endeavor, but security plays an important role in the process. 

Mining PoW cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, and Monero still poses a threat to the environment. Statistics show that the level of electricity consumption by mining rigs is constantly increasing. Some experts offer a gentle option as to use renewable energy sources in mining, others, on the contrary, speak about a ban, and in Europe, they called for switching to a less energy-intensive method of cryptocurrency mining such as Proof-of-Stake. 

Mining Security  

Here are some important security aspects to consider when mining Monero:

  • Before you start mining Monero, you need to choose a reliable platform or pool of miners with a good reputation, an active user community, and secure storage methods.
  • Always keep up to date with the updates of the software you use for Monero mining to improve the performance and security of your system.
  • Install a reliable antivirus program on your system to protect it from malware. 
  • Make sure that you choose a safe and secure wallet that has two-factor authentication, password, and other security measures.
  • Be wary of scam websites, fraudulent miner pools, and offers that sound too good to be true.

Environmental Impact  

Talks about the unecological nature of cryptocurrency mining have been going on for years. Over the past few years, this topic has reached discussions at the state level. It is logical that with the growing popularity of cryptocurrencies based on the Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus algorithm, the number of miners has also increased. The biggest problem with PoW algorithms does not lie in the huge energy consumption, but the fact that businesses use fossil fuels that leave a carbon footprint. However, many large miners have become more responsible for their carbon emissions.

Legal and Regulatory Aspects  

Regulatory uncertainty has been hanging over privacy coins since day one. As a result, over the past few years, various prominent exchanges in the cryptocurrency markets have decided to delist privacy-oriented projects. Just recently, the Monero developers commented on the delisting of the asset from the crypto exchange Binance, assuring that the project will never compromise on privacy issues, and users can continue to trade the asset on other platforms, including decentralized (DEX ), as well as using cross-chain swaps.

In the USA Monero mining is legal, but miners should monitor state-specific regulations, China has banned cryptocurrency mining, making Monero mining illegal, while in the absence of an EU-wide ban on cryptocurrency mining individual EU member countries may have their regulations.

It is possible that in the future, privacy-enhanced digital assets will be completely outlawed and pushed out of the industry.

Alternative Cryptocurrency Mining  

Mining has been and remains the main way to make money from cryptocurrencies. Recently, however, traditional mining has been associated with huge resource costs. Under such circumstances, crypto-enthusiasts are increasingly looking for alternative methods of earning money. 

List of Alternatives   

Mining is not the only way to obtain cryptocurrencies. The alternative mining methods are as follows:

  • Staking is the process of holding a certain amount of tokens in a wallet to keep the network running and being rewarded for doing so. 
  • A masternode is a node in a blockchain network that performs certain functions such as confirming transactions and securing the network. Users who run a masternode are rewarded for keeping the network running.
  • Exchange trading. 

In addition, there are also other alternative ways to obtain cryptocurrencies such as participating in ICOs, trading on p2p exchanges, and even receiving cryptocurrencies as payment for services or goods, buying shares of industrial miners, and exchanging cryptocurrencies on crypto exchange services.


You can mine Monero either on your own or in mining pools. Ultimately, it is best to choose the method that requires the least physical effort on your part, but has the highest chance of profit and reduces costs and barriers to mining. Due to regulatory pressure on anonymous cryptocurrencies, many marketers are refusing to work with Monero. 

Despite several voiced problems, participants of the crypto community continue to actively mine Monero. At the same time, the cryptocurrency remains in the top of capitalization. While the authorities have not taken any decisive actions related to the ban of XMR and other similar coins, investors and miners can earn on Monero. 


Is Monero mining profitable in 2024?  

Overall, Monero mining is an affordable and promising option for cryptocurrency mining. The Monero blockchain has certain distinctive features that make it more resistant to centralization and espionage, which is an attractive factor for users.

Should I consider joining a Monero mining pool?  

People with significant experience mine Monero in solo mode, although many people prefer to operate through pools. A pool has a much higher chance of creating a block, and profits are divided fairly among all participants, depending on the invested capacity. 

Is Monero mining legal, and are there any regulatory concerns?

Monero mining is generally legal, but it is important to comply with the laws and regulations and to consider tax implications of a particular jurisdiction. 

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Disclaimer: Please keep in mind that the content of this article is not financial or investing advice. The information provided is the author’s opinion only and should not be considered as direct recommendations for trading or investment. Any article reader or website visitor should consider multiple viewpoints and become familiar with all local regulations before cryptocurrency investment. We do not make any warranties about reliability and accuracy of this information.

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